What is it?

Guyot is a system of training and pruning of the vine that allows you to edit and enhance plant growth and fruit to fit the objectives for which it is grown. This system applies to the vineyards that produce wine grapes for commercial purposes...The choice of the technique of farming the vineyard, depends, in fact, that you will use the same crop. There are several methods to choose from Guyot pruning based on the characteristics of cultivation.

Types of Guyot

Guyot can be simple or double. The first is a pruning that removes all the leaves of the plant except for a branch and raised in the previous year and a smaller part consists of two or three buds, called spurs. The Guyot is a form of pruning that is used for vineyards that produce more fruit buds from the middle. He is currently the most widely practiced in all the conditions of high plant productivity.

The Double Guyot, however, is a pruning that leaves two branches, rather than one and a smaller branch, said spur. The difference in the simple and double Guyot lies in the number of branches that are cut: one in the simple, two in the double, hence the name of the procedures. There are other variations of Guyot pruning: Guyot upside down, upside down or twice rammed the Capuchin and palmette rammed.

Is similar to the inverted Guyot Guyot, except that the screw, instead of being supported on the first of the three wires that form the supporting strands of the vineyard, is supported on the second, but first you attack the head that will give the fruits. The double upside down, however, the sum of the characteristics with those of the Double Guyot overturned just described.They are used to control production and increase the quality of the fruit. The palmette rammed Guyot is a multiple that leaves four branches and a number of spurs. But it is in Guyot simple task there is a very articulate and interesting that consists of three phases.


Phases of Guyot simple

After fruiting vines, between September and October, are expected to fall foliage. In mid-winter the plant is pruned, ie private parts, and cleaned up old and useless. Within the called Guyot pruning there are three phases or cutting: past, present and future. It is conventional definitions to describe what was left on the plant in the past year, one on which you must perform this pruning and what will be left on the plant for the future. Guyot to be done properly to play the best with all these stages of pruning you decide what is left, what should be removed and what should stay. In practice it works like this: the cutting of the past is to delete the branch that has borne fruit in the previous year; the cut of this is to cut the number of gems chosen the branch that will bear fruit this year and cutting of the future consists in cutting the branch on the number of buds that will become the spur to do so.


Features Guyot pruning

Guyot pruning is a system of mixed farming of the vineyard or along which houses, ie, branches of medium length and a number of gems, between 10 and 20, on a log among the top 80 and 100 cm. The result is what to shoot in Guyot pruning, cut into 6, 12 gems, allow the maturation of the fruits of this year, the spur on which intermediate two buds are left, said the head with wood, give rise to two branches , a branch will result in the following year and the second will generate the new spur. Guyot pruning can ensure good aeration and an 'excellent exposure of the leaves, but require different pruning green, that is, once a summer pruning to control plant and the fruit to remove damaging elements that originated during the winter pruning. The Guyot method, however, is very suitable for vineyards located on hilly terrain, generally not very fresh and low fertility. With this pruning, in fact, you can take on different characteristics of plant productivity in the case of low fertility is not gemmifica in all parts of the branch, but only at high points that are maintained through the long pruning system Guyot.